The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged health professionals and patients suffering from hematological diseases with embarrassed diagnosis, treatment, surveillance, social distancing and other constraints. Of particular importance is the homeostasis of the most important hematopoietic factors, that is, the problem of storing iron, copper, zinc, etc.during aging. The study evaluated the incidence of polydeficitis in the elderly and the elderly with respect to gender. During the research work, 325 elderly (65-74 еars old) and 65 elderly (75-90 еars old) were examined. Analysis of gender differences in the elderly in the determination of various forms of anemia showed that these indicators are cultivated differently than kari age group indicators. It was found that iron deficiency in both sexes and iron deficiency in elderly people is more common than in other forms of anemia, which is accompanied by a deficiency of vitamin В12, and in the same group there is a significant difference in sex.